Upper Eyelid Blepharoplasty
Removes excess skin, muscle and occasionally fat above the
upper eyelid margin. Rejuvenation of this area leaves
an incision in the natural
upper lid crease. Occasionally,
the eyelid margin is too low. This requires more complex
correction of the levator muscle.
Occurs when the upper eyelid margin lowers. This may conceal
the upper iris and/or potentially
block visual fields. Many patients with this condition
elevate their brow to raise their lid margin, resulting
in worsening forehead wrinkles.
Correction usually entails tightening the upper eyelid
elevator (levator) muscle via an upper blepharoplasty
Lower Eyelid Blepharoplasty
Rejuvenation of this region requires tightening of lower
eyelid skin and muscle in addition to removal and/or
transfer of bulging lower
eyelid fat. The goal is to achieve
a more youthful lower eyelid without changing the shape
or position of the lid margin.
Aging results in sagging and worsening of natural facial
folds. The goal of a rhytidectomy (face-lift) is to rejuvenate
the face by softening
natural folds and tighten loose
skin. The procedure requires incisions that pass around
the ear in natural creases as well as along the hairline
and under the chin. Occasionally,
only specific areas of the face and neck need rejuvenation.
In these cases, the incisions can be more limited
Repositions the eyebrows higher. This can be accomplished via
a multitude of techniques. An approach through the scalp (either
with or without an endoscope) is the most common. Other approaches
include directly above the eyebrow, or via an upper eyelid incision.
Depending on the method chosen another potential benefit of this
procedure is decreasing the wrinkles on the forehead.
The face is a common area that develops skin tumors arising
from years of sun exposure. Removal of these tumors
is usually done with surgical excision. Closure
of the resulting wound may require specific
techniques to achieve the best overall